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    新型防火板的分類有哪些?

    來源:http://www.shoxee.com/ 日期:2021-12-02 發布人:admin
    1、氯氧化鎂防火板
    1. Magnesium oxychloride fireproof board
    這種防火板是使用鎂質膠凝為主要原材料來制作的,再在其中添加玻璃纖維布和一些輕質的保溫材料來填充鎂質膠凝,經過一系列的加工處理復合而成,它屬于氯氧鎂水泥類的制成品,但是環保性能比較強。
    This kind of fireproof board is made by using magnesium cementitious as the main raw material, adding glass fiber cloth and some light thermal insulation materials to fill magnesium cementitious, and compounding after a series of processing. It belongs to the finished product of magnesium oxychloride cement, but it has strong environmental protection performance.
    2、防火石膏板材
    2. Fireproof gypsum board
    這種防火板主要是以石膏為主要原材料來進行的制作,這種板材的原材料的來源非常廣,因此制作出來的種類也是比較多的,比如說雙面貼紙石膏防火板、硅鈣石膏纖維板等等,這些板材的內部含有結晶水,有較好的耐火性能,加工簡便,常常被人們使用到吊頂等等的制作。
    This kind of fireproof board is mainly made with gypsum as the main raw material. The source of raw materials of this board is very wide, so there are many kinds, such as double-sided sticker gypsum fireproof board, silica calcium gypsum fiberboard, etc. these boards contain crystal water, have good fire resistance and are easy to process, It is often used in the production of ceiling and so on.
    3、礦棉板、玻璃棉板
    3. Mineral wool board, glass wool board
    主要以礦棉、玻璃棉為隔熱材料。其本身不燃、耐高溫性能好、質輕,但不足之處有①短纖維對人體呼吸系統會造成危害,②板材強度差,③板材對火災煙氣蔓延的阻隔性能差,④裝飾性差,⑤安裝施工工作量大。因此,該種板材現已大部分演變成以無機粘結材料為基材,礦棉、玻璃棉作為增強材料的板材。
    富美家防火板
    Mineral wool and glass wool are mainly used as thermal insulation materials. It is nonflammable, has good high temperature resistance and light weight, but its shortcomings include ① short fiber will cause harm to human respiratory system, ② poor strength of plate, ③ poor barrier performance of plate to fire smoke spread, ④ poor decoration, and ⑤ heavy installation and construction workload. Therefore, most of these plates have evolved into plates with inorganic bonding materials as the substrate and mineral wool and glass wool as the reinforcing materials.
    4、水泥板
    4. Cement board
    水泥板材強度高,來源廣泛。過去常用它作防火吊頂和隔墻,但其耐火性能較差,在火場中易炸裂穿孔、失去保護作用而使其應用受到一定限制。水泥混凝土構件的隔熱、隔聲性能好,可作為隔墻和屋面板。建材市場上陸續出現了纖維增強水泥板等改進品種,具有強度高、耐火性能好的優點,但韌性較差、堿度大、裝飾效果較差。
    Cement board has high strength and a wide range of sources. In the past, it was often used as fireproof ceiling and partition wall, but its fire resistance performance was poor, it was easy to crack and perforation in the fire field and lose its protective effect, so its application was limited to a certain extent. The cement concrete component has good heat insulation and sound insulation performance, and can be used as partition wall and roof slab. Improved varieties such as fiber reinforced cement board have emerged in the building materials market, which have the advantages of high strength and good fire resistance, but poor toughness, high alkalinity and poor decorative effect.
    5、珍珠巖板、漂珠板、蛭石板
    5. Perlite plate, floating bead plate, vermiculite plate
    是以低堿度水泥為基材,珍珠巖、玻璃微珠、蛭石為加氣填充材料,再添加一些助劑復合而制成的空心板材。具有自重輕、強度高、韌性好、防火隔熱、施工方便等特點,可廣泛應用于高層框架建筑物分室、分戶、衛生間、廚房、通訊管等非承重部位。
    It is a hollow plate made of low alkalinity cement as base material, perlite, glass beads and vermiculite as aerated filling materials, and some additives. It has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, good toughness, fire prevention and heat insulation and convenient construction. It can be widely used in non load-bearing parts such as rooms, households, toilets, kitchens and communication pipes of high-rise frame buildings.
    6、硅酸鈣纖維板
    6. Calcium silicate fiberboard
    是以石灰、硅酸鹽及無機纖維增強材料為主要原料的建筑板材,具有質輕、強度高且隔熱性、耐久性好、加工性能與施工性能優良等特點,主要用于制作天花板、隔墻以及作為鋼柱、鋼梁的防火保護材料。但板材強度和彎曲性能還有待提高。
    It is a building board with lime, silicate and inorganic fiber reinforced materials as the main raw materials. It has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, heat insulation, good durability, excellent processing performance and construction performance. It is mainly used to make ceilings, partitions and fire protection materials for steel columns and beams. However, the strength and bending properties of the plate need to be improved.
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